Developing AI Algorithms to Assist with Medical Triage

February 7, 2024
Soldiers provide medical care in war zone

Kitware is participating in the DARPA Triage Challenge to help medical providers identify patients needing life-saving intervention during mass casualty events.

Clifton Park, N.Y. (February 7, 2024) – Kitware, a leader in developing innovative medical software, has been selected to participate in the DARPA Triage Challenge (DTC) to develop algorithms that can predict the need for life-saving patient intervention. This challenge addresses crises in civilian and military settings where medical resources are limited, including mass casualty incidents.

In some cases, it is difficult to determine the seriousness of a patient’s injury or the likelihood of decompensation. This risk is increased in mass casualty events. Remote monitoring of patients and rapid identification of patients in need of life-saving intervention are critical needs for medical providers that will enable them to work more efficiently and save more lives. Kitware, in collaboration with Soar Technology and The Geneva Foundation, will develop AI algorithms paired with rule-based symbolic predictions that provide decision support targeted at life-saving interventions for injuries, including hemorrhage, pneumothorax, and airway obstructions.

The combination of Kitware’s AI algorithms and Soar Technology’s symbolic predictor will be capable of identifying physiological signatures of injury derived from data captured by non-invasive sensors to enable better on-site decision-making and prioritization for medical evacuation and care. De-identified, multi-modal physiological data from trauma patients in diverse settings and cohorts will be provided by the DARPA Research Infrastructure for Trauma with Medical Observations (RITMO) program to be used as training and validation data. Kitware will also use the Pulse Physiology Engine to simulate additional trauma patients for the target population and injury spectrum.

“Leveraging both our computer vision and medical computing experts, we are working to create systems that can analyze vital sign data from various sources, such as sensors, medical notes, treatment notes, and imaging,” said Rachel Clipp, Ph.D., principal investigator for Kitware. “These AI algorithms can prompt life-saving interventions to the patients that need it the most.”

This competition kicked off in November 2023, the first of three 12-month, $500,000 phases. Kitware is leading a team that includes Soar Technology, LCC and The Geneva Foundation.

Video courtesy of DARPA

This material is based upon work supported by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency under Contract No. HR001124C0335. Any opinions, findings and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

Featured Image: U.S. Army Reserve photo by Staff Sgt. Eric W. Jones courtesy of DVIDS

About Kitware

Kitware delivers innovation to its customers. As a software research and development company, Kitware solves the world’s most complex scientific challenges using custom software solutions built on open source technology. In addition to custom software development, the company also offers technical support and training services to anyone using its open source tools. Since its founding in 1998, Kitware has developed a reputation for its unparalleled technical expertise and excellent customer service. The company is proud to be 100% employee-owned. For additional information, visit or follow them on Twitter, LinkedIn, and Facebook.


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